Electrotherapy again, soothing (part 2/3)

Life is rough.

Life is full of sudden bumps and shocks and nasty surprises and abrasions, even when psychopathic Nazi demon torturers aren’t in charge of the entire fucking world.

For thousands of years healers have used ointments, balms, and syrups for their soothing properties. These compounds often remained in religious ceremonies after religion and medicine were separated.

When I was young soothing syrups were still around, and still helped to heal. I don’t know what was in them, but I know that I felt better and smoother after a spoonful.

What happened to soothing? Long before the total holocaust of 2020, healers stopped healing, both physically and emotionally. Long before MDs became Mengele Doctors solely devoted to sadistic torture, they were gruff and officious anti-healers.

The trend seems to have started in 1872 with a famous case involving Dr Winslow’s Soothing Syrup, which was mainly morphine. Many babies became opium addicts and died. In 1910 the Pure Food and Drug act looked hard at every medication claiming to soothe or smooth.

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Before 1910, electrotherapy was also seen as a soother, and its circuits and mechanisms worked best when they were smooth and gradual, avoiding sudden changes and surges.

There’s a specific neurological reason.

Here’s a nice visual example. Recently I replaced some older LED bulbs with newer and cheaper bulbs. The older LEDs, like incandescents, gave steady light regardless of clicks and surges elsewhere in the system. The new bulbs respond with positive feedback to every surge from the stove or heater. Here’s the kitchen when I’m heating water for coffee:

What’s the difference? Incandescent bulbs are logarithmic, which means they’re smoothers. When cold, they allow current to flow in fast, but after they heat up they maintain the same flow across a range of input voltages. Diodes are the opposite. Their response curve is exponential, with a sharp increase in current for every small increase in voltage. The better LED bulbs include a voltage regulator to compensate for the natural exponential tendency of diodes.

Neurons respond sharply to every surge and delta. Like the LED, our system emphasizes change and ignores steady conditions. Each sudden surge requires emotional and physical energy to readjust.

Real healers have always recognized this loss of energy, and have tried to restore smoothness and steadiness, both physical and emotional. Healing techniques are meant to glide across the surges and gaps of life.

Demons also understand this fact. Psychopaths are driven by a burning need to maximize sudden change and chaos, forbidding all steadiness and smoothness.

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We’ll start with a smoothly moving Faradic machine, similar to the Wimshurst machine in the previous item. The more familiar Wimshurst accumulated a charge by spinning one glass disk next to another, and picking off the excess electrons.

The Bonetti changed from glass disks to hard rubber (ebonite) cylinders, with the same general idea.

The practitioners found a ‘charge shower’ to be a calming and cheering influence and often used it on anxious or depressed patients. It’s not clear how ionized air improves mood; perhaps it saturates the surface neurons, lowering the intensity of their deltas. Or perhaps, like plants, we are actually nourished by ions.

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Electrotherapy devices achieved smoothness in several ways, mostly obsolete.

The Vreeland oscillator was a wet switch.

The Vreeland could be called a lightning pendulum. A lightning stroke forms a complicated and wildly indirect path, then repeats the path several times. The path is indirect because it jumps from one air molecule to another, finding the nearest available molecule at each jump. The nearest is rarely on a direct line to the ground. After ionizing those sections of air, the discharge is able to take the same path repeatedly until wind moves the air around. Like clearing a curvy road to avoid hills and property lines, then reusing the road.

By contrast, a discharge in a vacuum will always take the shortest path from negative to positive. Each electron is pulled in the same direction, and has no reason to detour into more favorable zones. There are no hills or property lines in a vacuum, and no road to reuse. Paths start instantly and end instantly.

Vreeland created a cohering path in mercury vapor, forming a pendulum with escapement.

A clock pendulum uses the resonance of a heavy weight, swinging in a restricted range, to maintain frequency. At each endpoint of the range, the escapement skips to the next tooth on the drive gear, giving a small burst of energy to the pendulum. The drive gear is pulled by a steady weight or spring.

Vreeland uses the smooth shifting of the mercury-vapor lightning between anodes as the pendulum, and the time constant of a capacitor through a resistance as the weight. A capacitor never sends steady DC; it allows a single push or pull then stops.

The arc shifts back and forth between the anodes, pulled by the sandwich coils. Each change of conduction then triggers the sandwich coils to reverse their magnetic field, and gives a brief burst of electrons into the resonating parts. Result: oscillation.

The output was taken from the separate secondary coil, which could slide forward and backward to change amplitude, and turn to change phase. (I’m animating the motions here, but in reality they would be set once and left alone.) Thus the output audio was completely AC and completely isolated from the high-current arc.

Polistra is using the Vreeland as the source of AC for a conductivity test, identical to the first Leeds and Northrup setup except for the oscillator. Vreelands were used extensively for this type of work, and also for medical electrotherapy because of the clean waves and total isolation.

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