I missed the best part.

The remarkably realistic comment by the Harris Poll included a quote from Ice T. I was enamored of ‘analog people’ and didn’t notice the POWER of Ice T’s suggestion.

It would [be] kinda dope if Musk bought Twitter and just shut it off.

It’s powerful because shutting off is THE NORMAL PURPOSE of buying a company. Rich fuckheads buy a smaller company, then strip its assets and shut it off, leaving the workers out in the cold.

In most cases a hostile takeover is harmful to the real economy, eliminating real products and real services and real SKILLS. Shutting off Twitter would be a rare DEFENSIVE takeover, like using poison to kill a predator. The media and government monsters who use Twitter to manipulate public opinion would have to find other channels, and their power would be slightly disrupted and chaotized for a while.


Cited by Batya:

“The most reliable cure for confirmation bias is interaction with people who don’t share your beliefs. They confront you with counterevidence and counterargument.”


This is the same stupid myth as “robust debate” or “academic freedom”.

Interaction is the solution, but CONFRONTATION is NOT part of the solution.

When you WORK with people of different types and beliefs on a SHARED PROJECT with a SHARED GOAL, the different types simply don’t enter into the picture. There is no confrontation, no counterevidence, no counterargument, no counternothing. All of that countershit fades into the background when everyone is MAKING THINGS or SERVING the same purpose.

Our problem is that we have stopped MAKING THINGS and deleted all SHARED PROJECTS, including military conscription.


Language doesn’t create culture, as usual.

On a random impulse I got curious about the grammar of Polynesian languages like Hawaiian. Their phonology is extremely simple. Is their grammar equally simple, or bizarrely complex?

I expected the latter, but the answer is in between. Hawaiian grammar is in the median range of complexity. It has NGDA for nouns, singular/dual/plural for pronouns, definite and indefinite articles, aspect and imperative/subjunctive but not quite tenses for verbs.

Hawaiian has one unique grammatical feature that is totally outside the default stuff, and implies a unique way of seeing the world.

Nouns are divided into two classes, based on MAKING and CHOOSING. The class of a noun is reflected in adjectives and articles, in the same way that grammatical gender is reflected in adjectives and articles in most IE languages.

Things that existed before you were here, and things that you can’t choose or influence, take the O forms of adjectives.

Things that you can make or choose take the A forms of adjectives.

Even more unique: Each noun can switch classes depending on context. You are a pre-existing O-class noun as seen by your children, and you are a made or chosen A-class noun as seen by your parents.

Wonderful! A language that implements the intrinsic need of living things to make and choose!

A skill-based language induces a skill-based culture! And sure enough, Hawaiians are famous for making things. Everyone knows about Hawaiian cars and Hawaiian watches and Hawaiian cameras and Hawaiian electronics….


This shouldn’t surprise me. I’ve been pointing out for many years that the activists who want to shape our thoughts with language are wasting their time. The correlation is at best zero, perhaps even negative. Genderless languages are spoken by people with STRONG gender roles like Persians, and strongly gendered languages are spoken by sexless people like Krauts.

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Unoops! Rethinking the next day. I was wrong. In this case the correlation is positive. Hawaiians have a deep feel for the chain of possession and control and influence, so they DON’T NEED to make a bunch of stuff that substitutes for human relationships. Cultures with tenuous and weak relationships are more likely to replace senses and muscles and relationships by machines. This agrees with my earlier observation that languages with caseless nouns are more susceptible to materialist tyrants like Soros. Strongly linked nouns, with INflections and REflections, indicate a culture with strong links.

However! This doesn’t affect my constant theme that you can’t change culture by changing language. The causation is mostly the other way. Language is a tool that serves to express culture. Language features fade naturally when they’re no longer needed. Disconnected nouns are a symptom of a culture that has been disconnected for a long time.

Deceptive standard wisdom

Our thinking about economics and technology and history is full of standard “wisdom” that isn’t remotely true when you stop to think about it.

Ran into a couple of those standard wisdoms in automotive articles this week. Collectible Auto mag has a feature on the ’28 to ’30 Cadillac. The author commits two standard wisdoms at once:

No one could have foreseen how much worse things would become.

Crap. The bankers who planned the boom “foresaw” the bust in the same way that I “foresee” taking a shower and going to bed each night. When an event is part of your plan, you can “foresee” it perfectly. Booms and busts are just as regular as shower and bed. Booms are planned to enrich the rich and kill the poor, and the rich always know when to hit the sack.

But how much better would GM’s story have been if the decade-long economic disaster hadn’t struck just as its best-yet cars and engines burst on the scene? Sadly, we’ll never know.

Also crap. From 1920 to 1930 automobiles were IDENTICAL AND UNCHANGED. All brands looked the same and all years looked the same. Change started in 1932 with the Willys 77, and change grew more powerful every year. 1930 and 1940 cars are entirely different types of machine. The brands in 1940 came in a huge range of size and style and power. When companies can profit without change, they will. When change is necessary for survival, change occurs.

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An article in Curbside Classic makes a more subtle but equally disprovable standard claim. The author is covering the huge variety of off-brand brands made by the Canadian divisions of US companies. At various times each of the Big Three had special brands, which required special tooling to make a Dodge-like grille that fitted onto a Plymouth body, or a superfancy Meteor grille for a Ford body, or Pontiac Silver Streaks shaped to fit a Chevy hood. While covering this wild diversity, the author says:

However, since the Canadian market was always much smaller than that of the United States, the diversity of the products made in Canada was considerably simplified.

‘Economy of scale’ is correct in one way. When you amortize development and factories and administration over a million cars, each car costs less to produce, and can be priced lower. But ‘economy of scale’ works the other way around when discussing smaller companies in smaller niche markets. Smaller companies can turn out a special order for a higher price, and make a profit which is meaningful for their owners. Big companies ignore special orders because their accounting and inventory and manufacturing systems are optimized for maximum quantity and minimum variety.

A special variety might represent 10% of the small company’s LOCAL output for the year, so its profit will make a meaningful difference to the LOCAL owner. The same variety might represent only .00001% of GM’s global output, so it’s definitely not worth the trouble of redoing a globalized setup.

Graybill’s Law. Globalization creates uniformity. This also applies to digital globalization.

Cancelling is hardly new

Among the scattered preserves of OTR is one 1954 Mutual news broadcast by Frank Edwards, at KFWB in Los Angeles.

Edwards made a point of NOT insulting the audience. He was clearly trying to tell the truth as he saw it, and understood that normal people are also capable of seeing the truth.

In discussing unemployment stats, he mentioned that the official unemployment was considerably lower than real unemployment because a huge number of job seekers are automatically dropped from the rolls every week. “But you already knew that.”

Public health officials were distributing gamma globulin to help in the fight against polio, “though no evidence shows that gamma globulin helps. Well, if it doesn’t help against polio, it does help the company that sells the compound.”

Can you imagine a modern newsman saying that about muzzles and lockdowns and mRNA “vaccines”? Not even worth asking.

I wasn’t familiar with Edwards, so looked him up. His Mutual news was sponsored by AFL, and he was fired in 1954 because he was giving too much positive attention to CIO.

Broadcast Magazine tells a more detailed story. Reading between the lines: George Meany of AFL simply disliked Edwards, and made some sudden contract changes, knowing Edwards couldn’t go along with the changes.***

Edwards moved to local stations and focused more on scientific oddities like flying saucers, continuing to tell the truth as he saw it.

Was this his last network broadcast? That would explain why it was preserved. It includes a positive item about AFL and no mentions of CIO, so this wasn’t the immediate trigger.

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See also Don Hollenbeck, another truth-loving newsman who was lethally cancelled by Deepstate in the same year. Edwards was lucky to be fired by a sponsor, not killed by CIA. Radio was a fast-moving business at that time, and sudden firings were common. Edwards regained his balance and found his niche.

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** Footnote: Gamma globulin did work to some extent, and there was evidence, but the evidence was not “scientific” because good parents who wanted their kids to be healthy messed up the “scientific” trials. In hindsight Edwards was wrong about this, but the facts were not publicly available in 1954. His conclusion was valid from available facts.

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*** Footnote 2: Edwards later said that Meany wasn’t the culprit. The Air Force was pissed at Edwards for the UFO stuff, and they extorted Meany by threatening to move defense contracts to non-union companies.

Interesting idea but needs improvement

In politics, Big Tent usually means rigid orthodoxy.

Tablet magazine is starting up a subscription service for people who want to ask detailed questions about religion. They’re calling it The Tent, but so far it’s a mighty narrow tent. Their answerers include 4 rabbis, 3 Muslim chaplains, 2 Episcopal priestesses, 2 Hindus, 1 Orthodox priest, and 1 Roman priest in a pear tree.

No Buddhists, no Confucians, no Protestants.

Rabbi Serebryanski has a magnificent beard that could serve as a tent. Maybe that’s the tent they’re talking about.

It’s best to stick with your niche, sell what you know. Tablet is Jewish, so a service answering questions about Judaism would have been a clearer brand.

WPA 2/5, Oklahoma

The WPA was engaged in a huge variety of tasks, all focused on the SKILLS of workers. People need to be useful, and men need to make things.

Training develops the soul and brain most effectively and permanently when you’re MAKING THINGS that are visible and useful and a source of pride to your parents and friends and descendants.

In Oklahoma the WPA focused especially on building schools in poor rural areas.

Traditionally country schools were maintained by a semi-official group of farmers and businessmen. Often the teacher was a farmer’s daughter or wife. When a teacher had to be imported, she was kept in a farmer’s spare bedroom or a tenant cottage.

WPA built 800 new schools in Oklahoma, mainly in rural and black areas. (At least 3 Booker Ts and one Carver!) Country school projects included a teacher’s house, known as a teacherage by analogy with parsonage. (The word wasn’t coined by WPA; Google’s ngram shows that it started in 1919.)

WPA wanted to attract good teachers, so the teacherages were considerably upscale from tenant cottages. Most were brick or cement block, and all were substantial and spacious. In the ’30s a nice new rent-free house was a tremendous benefit. Nowadays, with minimum rent at $1100 for a studio apt, such a benefit might be attractive again.

Schools in bigger cities were designed by serious architects and built by serious contractors, using only money from WPA. Some were ‘deco classical’, some Greco-Roman style or New England colonial or deco moderne. Most of these professionally designed schools are still used as schools or admin buildings.

Country schools and teacherages were designed by WPA, built to fit local needs, and endowed with individual artistry by the masons and laborers. Most WPA structures in Okla were colorful native stone, with arches and original touches everywhere. (WPA = We Produce Arches.)

The schools and teacherages were built to last, but country school districts didn’t last. Small towns faded and the districts were merged into nearby cities. So the schools and teacherages were either abandoned or privatized.

WPA concentrated its work in the eastern part of Okla. There weren’t a lot of WPA projects in the part of the state I knew. As I observed earlier, Ponca and Enid and Stillwater were comparatively prosperous. In working-class white and black parts of Enid, 60% of the people owned their homes. Oil companies and oilmen provided the facilities and community services that WPA had to build elsewhere.

The eastern 1/5 of the state is part of the Ozarks. Not suitable for wheat or cattle, and not much oil. Some metals mining in the NE, but mining mainly supplied Rust Belt manufacturers, who were in serious trouble.

This map shows the difference dramatically. Around Ponca and Enid and Stillwater, 15% of the population was on relief, which is what you’d expect in normal economic times. In the eastern third of the state 70% of the population was on relief.

WPA 5/5, summary

WPA’s main goal was to make people useful. WPA gave poor people a meaningful way to use their existing skills for money. Men without existing skills learned a marketable skill while building schools and parks and dams.

WPA also taught new skills to adults who already had jobs. The Dust Bowl was caused by poor farming skills. Three new techniques made all the difference.

When FDR took office, he had to fix two parallel legacies of the booming speculative 20s, both of which caused busts in the 30s. There were cross-ties between the two legacies, so he couldn’t fix either one by itself. He had to fix them in a cross-linked way.

One boom was initiated by huge government purchases of food in WW1. Bankers encouraged inexperienced farmers to buy useless land to take advantage of the demand. When the demand quickly disappeared, the farmers were left with a mortgage and no way to make enough money to pay it. They abandoned the farms after plowing off the (already poor) topsoil. When a fairly serious drought hit in 1930, the land took flight, covering up everything in its path.

Even competent farmers on good land had been using improper methods, allowing wind and water to carry off the soil. Millions of tons of topsoil were ending up in the Gulf of Mexico.

The other boom was the stock boom, which needs no introduction.

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FDR’s administration used similar methods to solve both problems.

In the context of soil:

When the wind comes whistlin cross the plain, a line of trees can redistribute its energy. The air has to twist and turn between small leaves and branches. Part of the force is thus turned aside and spent in mechanically thrashing the leaves and branches, and part is spent in the whistlin.

And when water comes rushing across a sloped field, a dense planting of grass can redistribute its energy. The water has to twist and turn between the stems and flat blades. Water that stops for a moment in front of a grass blade has a chance to penetrate the soil. Without grass, the water moves freely and begins to pick up soil particles. As it gets more gritty, its scraping ability grows exponentially until it’s a muddy flood.

But you can’t leave everything planted to grass all the time if you’re trying to grow profitable crops. So you have to use two other methods. Crop rotation allows part of the farm to be in grass in any one season; and contour plowing insures that the plowed rows serve as mini-dams to force the water down instead of across.

What’s the common factor here? Angular momentum. Stopping a flow by using reactance instead of resistance. Breaking up massive linear motion into small circular and angular moves, so the air can feed the trees and the water can feed the plants.

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In the context of economics:

Speculators are like the linear force of wind and water. They advertise a seemingly unstoppable linear expansion. Buy now! Prices are going straight up, and prices have to keep going up up up UP UP UP UP UP UP!!!!

Join the flood while you still have a chance! Become part of a mudball that will help to gather other soil particles! Become a nail that can bounce against the side of a house and loosen up other nails to join the blast! Isn’t that attractive? FUN FUN FUN!

FDR redistributed the linear momentum of money into more useful angular momentum.

Glass-Steagall and bank reform provided a windbreak and a contour. Speculators were halted, forcing money to pause and thrash around in the same place. When money had to stay in the same place, it had a better chance of penetrating local soil and feeding local business. Bank reform allowed money to stay securely in the same place, decreasing the temptation to join big floods.

WPA was like a field of dense grass. Money stored in government clouds was rained onto real workers, who then produced real value and spent their money in local businesses. Real labor created real irrigation systems and real windbreaks and real dams, nicely closing the circle of my analogy.

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And to close off the series, here’s a quote from Aubrey Williams, head of the NYA and author of the report I cited earlier. In response to the usual We Piss Around crap, he said:

To fill his bitter cup to overflowing, he has been ridiculed by thoughtless and cruel people as a loafer. But his day is coming, when all the barbs that have been hurled at him bounce back from the good, honest masonry of the things he has built to increase the wealth and happiness of the whole nation.

AMEN. The WPA quite literally and simply BUILT AMERICA. Nothing else could have moved forward without the MASONRY (and wood and wiring and plumbing and plowing and forests and dams and training and skills) built by WPA. Even now, after 40 years of grotesque environmentalist and Randian OBLITERATION. the stonework of WPA is still our foundation.

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Credit footnote: This set was inspired by Marjorie Barton’s book ‘Leaning on a Legacy’ about WPA in Okla. Online sources are Baird’s pictures and WPA by County, listing the historical landmark documents.

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Poser footnote: Released at ShareCG 3/20/22.

The missing element, part 2

Continuing from here. Passive vs active, facts vs experience, in education. Here’s a sharp comparison from the early ’30s.

RCA was promoting the passive version in a sneaky way.


Radio has added to the plan of teaching a third dimension through which it may project a living personality into the school room or allow the student to seemingly be present at the enactment of an historical event. It may instantly transport the student to any part of the world, where, as in a great laboratory, he may know and share the thrill of discovery and the satisfaction of achievement. It has made modern education a newly vitalized force, its instruction glowing with reality.

Through the radio, a course in music appreciation by a world famous musician may be brought to the children of a distant school where, perhaps, there was no music at all before. A prominent government official may tell of the function of his department in the affairs of state or discuss the problems of the day. The distinguished scientist may explain the advance made in the treatment of disease or in the utilization of natural resources. The famous explorer may describe his experiences from the far outposts of civilization. School today has become a place of communion with the greatest personalities of the age.

Vitalized? No, devitalized.

Glowing with reality? No, glowing with unreality. The Greatest Personalities are unreal and unachievable.

Music appreciation is the opposite of singing. There was plenty of music in the ordinary schoolroom.

A scientist explaining his “advances” is the opposite of learning a skill. Every skill involves experimentation, systematic or otherwise.

A famous explorer describing his experiences is the opposite of exploring your own territory.

= = = = =

Here’s a well-written account of the active approach, as encouraged and funded by the WPA school lunch program. (From Marjorie Barton’s book ‘Leaning on a Legacy’ about WPA in Oklahoma, not online.)

Methods of food preparation varied by the size of the school. The one-room rural school was given commodities to make stew, cornbread and biscuits. At the West/East Cloudy School near Rattan, a former teacher said that the stew was put on the stove in the morning and by lunchtime was not only ready, but creating hunger pains. She said the students loved to help with the preparation. Everyone brought their own bowl and took turns washing dishes.

WPA recognized one basic fact: Humans are designed to be USEFUL. People want to make things. People need to be needed. Previous ‘relief’ programs were not satisfying this basic need. WPA gave every conceivable skill a chance to be useful and honest. Most of the work created long-lasting improvements in human life, work, nutrition, and recreation. The workers could look at their COMPLETED RESULT with satisfaction, and future generations continued to appreciate and USE the COMPLETED RESULT. Real work, real order, real value, and above all real beauty.

Now we’ve returned massively to the previous ‘relief’ programs. For 40 years we’ve been offshoring jobs. In 2020 we simply prohibited useful work. Universal Basic Income guarantees that people will be useless, which is a sneaky form of genocide.

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Calibrating: In fairness, RCA was selling a helper for active learning at the same time that it was promoting passive learning. The same booklet includes an ad for the Radiola 86, a radio and phonograph and RECORDER.

Students could record their own songs or narrate their own explorations, and preserve the result for posterity.

The missing element

After being relatively inactive for a couple months, American Radio Library is flooding their website with new and interesting materials. In previous post I was reading some Education in Radio journals from an arrogantly elitist group. Now a larger pile of more general discussions has appeared.

From 1922 to 1952 to 2022, one crucial element has NEVER been part of the distance education package, whether by radio or TV or Wi-Fi.


Educational radio and TV and computers have always tried to provide access to the “best” teachers and the “best” classical symphonies and the “best” classical science experiments. They do an excellent job of passive access, but they stop there.

Before radio, distance education by mail order was full of Kits and Packs and Sets for all subjects from meteorology to electricity to biology.. These Kits were still available from outfits like Gilbert and Edmund and Tinkertoy in the ’50s, but they were not included or used or mentioned in the radio and TV offerings. There was no opportunity or invitation to run your own experiments and have your own fun.

Commercial programs did a MUCH better job of providing and using low-cost interactive materials, most of which were genuinely educational AND entertaining.

Betty Boop said it best, in 1938 of course.

Ringing words

A good sharp paragraph from Kirn:

There are things against which even the concerted leveling of brute force is powerless. Beauty. A mystical epiphany. True prowess in some difficult endeavor. The ring of the right word. It’s those things which civilization must protect if it’s to be worthy of the name.

I’ve been saying a related thing, not quite the same thing, in less ringing words.

Life is order and beauty and value. Every living thing creates order out of chaos. Most living things create forms of beauty that we can appreciate, in their flowers or feathers or harmonious sounds or graceful motions. It’s a certain bet that the others are creating forms of beauty outside of our sense range, or beyond our appreciation.

I’m less sanguine about the limits of brute force and the protection of civilization. Brute force can’t be opposed or limited by preservers. Western civilization stopped preserving and started obliterating a LONG time ago. Brute force has been obliterating every bit of order and beauty it can FIND, using all the power it can muster.

The enforcers work fanatically hard to create chaos and obliterate order and beauty, but they are a FINITE set of demons with FINITE budgets. The beauty generators are INFINITE.

We have to maintain our stores of order and beauty in small ways and hidden places, below the visual field of the zoning boards and HOAs and Public Death Officers and stock markets and environmentalists.

Turnaround in SKILLS

Matt Stoller gives a history of consolidation in defense contractors, which was actually ORDERED by Clinton. Stoller is tracking a fairly sharp turnaround. The FTC is now rejecting mergers that it would have approved before, and the Pentagon has joined the switch.

Amazingly, the Trump administration tried to turn the tide, and even more amazingly, the military is starting to OBEY the Trump order. This is definitely good news. The offshoring trend started in 1958, as Ike noted. American tech companies began to lose interest in the risks of real commerce. They gradually abandoned all consumer electronics to Japan and China, seeking only the GUARANTEED profit of cost-plus contracts.

Sane armies have always understood the need to build your own weapons and supply your own food and clothing to the troops. When all your stuff is made by the enemy, you can’t hope to win a war.

This 2020 report by the Pentagon includes several ground-breaking turnarounds.

Ultimately, the most important asset our defense industrial base possesses isn’t machines or facilities, but people. America needs an ambitious effort, like the Eisenhower National Defense Education Act, to support education and training for manufacturing skills required to meet DoD and wider U.S. requirements. As the Industrial Capabilities Report notes, while China has four times the U.S. population, it has eight times as many STEM grads, while Russia has almost four times more engineers than the United States.

AMEN, AMEN, AMEN. Note the return to Ike again. Amazingly, the report mentions the REAL problem. We don’t need more theoretical math grads or computer science grads. We need more SKILLS.

Virtually every U.S. president from Hamilton’s day until the dawn of the twentieth century understood that sensible and targeted trade measures – anti-dumping fees, countervailing duties, and even modest tariffs to level an unfair playing field – formed the principal tool by which America fostered its industrial base. The 1990ssaw an experiment in radical trade policies – dropping reciprocity – that made earlier presidents, such as FDR, Eisenhower, and JFK, all advocates of free trade, look, with their prudent tariffs, like protectionists.

Aside from the Woke salute to “President” Hamilton, this is a stern rebuke to the globalists. The ghost of Graybill is happy!


Vintage.es has a feature on Port Washington, LI in the ’40s. Lots of interesting architecture, from old New England to the latest postwar houses with attached garages. This magnificent building especially caught my eye:

A Studie dealer at 145 Main St, with a ’42 Champion in front. I couldn’t resist checking Googlestreet. Normally a downtown building has been wiped out by urban renewal or covered with 1970s mansard crap. Not this one!

Remarkably preserved. From another view, the clock and front door are still original. The only obvious difference is that the shrubs newly planted in 1949 are mature now.

Irrelevant thought: The font of the vertical STUDEBAKER sign is Cyrillic, which reminds me that Studie trucks were big in the Lend-Lease program and stuck around in Russia for a long time afterward, influencing Russian trucks. But oddly, Studie never actively participated in Russian manufacture or sales. Ford had a directly controlled division in Russia, making tractors and Model As. GM licensed Buick bodies and engines to Russian makers in 1931. Packard licensed and cooperated with Russian makers in the ’40s. Studie missed the opportunity to leverage their accidental influence into profit.

Hmm. The last sentence is unnecessarily long.

“Studie missed the opportunity.”

That’s the whole story of the company. Nash/AMC lasted much longer because it knew its own SKILLS and rarely missed an opportunity to use its own particular SKILLS. Studebaker tried to be GM and failed. Nash tried to be Nash and succeeded.

Skills last forever, reasons don’t.

Two examples this week of the marvelous persistence of skill memory.

1. I got tired of 3d graphics and detoured into revising and expanding two old Windows programs. Both were originally done in 2002, recompiled but not revised in 2012. I haven’t done any C++ since 2014. The skill returned immediately after starting to read the source files.

2. For the same ten years (or more) I’ve been wearing old-man shoes with Velcro straps. The last pair was losing traction, so I tried to order new from LLbean, but they were out, like everything this year. So I got the tied version instead. The first time my fingers touched the laces, they knew what to do. No practice needed. The tie is far more comfortable on the arch than the straps, and the new rubber makes a REAL difference on snow.

Why did I depart from tied shoes ten years ago? The reason is lost.

This year’s yak-shaving

I tend to do the same things and think the same thoughts at the same time each year, without trying. Keeping a daily journal or worklog helps to spot these patterns.

Right now I’m having fun shaving a yak. I started working on a 3d animatable waterfall spectrogram, extending the ‘live sine waves’ seen here. The graph itself is functional now, but the FFT input isn’t working yet.

I remembered that the Audin project, my first courseware and still my best, was meant to include a 2d waterfall spectrogram. Audin was on a grant contract, and the time ran out before I could properly include and test the waterfall.

I started converting the Audin C++ waterfall code into Python to run the 3d stuff, and then decided it would be even MORE fun to continue and expand Audin itself, finally reaching my intended goal.

So now I have to rebuild and expand Audin before I can get back to the 3d representation. (Well, I don’t really have to, but it’s more fun to think of it this way.)

Here’s the yak-shaving picture from January 2018, with a snowy landscape identical to today’s landscape. These annual verbatim repetitions give credence to real astrology.

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Sidenote: Since I was talking about natural selection yesterday, this process fits nicely into the theme of evolution by subtraction.

My original 2002 courseware was full of useful features. It invited the student to do real experiments, and had a wide variety of sound-handling and animation. The later versions in Windows started to drop the useful features because the NYC publisher didn’t like them. They wanted text and still pics in computer form, like PowerPoint. I had to fight hard to maintain SOME of the animations, but lost the interactivity and sound. When the Windows EXE was converted to online HTML/SVG stuff in 2015, ALL of the good features had to be eliminated. Global compatibility does not allow experimentation or interactivity. Genes and languages and inventions follow the same track, from complex and subtle down to simple and blunt.